How to integrate AD or OpenLDAP with SafeSquid
Why is a proxy based web-gateway integrated to a Microsoft AD or OpenLDAP?
Network enterprises that have a large number of users, popularly manage user credentials via a centralized system.
The centralized system ensures user identification across all the networked enterprise resources and services.
Users too benefit immensely, as they need a singular credential to access anything across the network enterprise.
Microsoft’s Active Directory, and OpenLDAP based various Directory Services like Novell’s e-Directory are extremely popular for setting up a centralized user identity management systems.
Almost all Directory services also offer role, and hierarchy based grouping of users. Most enterprise class networked resources and services also allow control of user access, and rights based on their group membership.
A proxy-based web gateway is an application layer firewall service that distributes Internet Access to people in the networked enterprise. It is thus essentially a network service.
A Web Gateway when integrated to a Directory Service, can:
- Authenticate the users, based on their Directory Service Credentials,
- Control their access to the web depending upon their enterprise role and hierarchy,
- Log and report their activity, in a manner that the HR managers can analyse internet usage individually and of groups of people.
In this tutorial I will show you how to easily integrate your Microsoft Active Directory or OpenLDAP service to a proxy server.
We will use SafeSquid proxy server in further discussion because it has a WebUI to easily perform the necessary integration tasks, create some policies to control access, and validate the success.
Lastly we will inspect SafeSquid’s logs to inspect how the internet usage of any user identified via the Directory Service, is recorded for the purpose of analytics.
SafeSquid can be integrated to the Microsoft Active Directory for SSO/Kerberos based user identification. The additional steps required for Kerberos configuration are discussed in another tutorial.
Ok so let’s get started.
Collect the following information before start integrating
- LDAP server Fully Qualified Domain Name ( FQDN ) and IP address.
- LDAP Administrator User name and Password. You can provide any user from LDAP server who is having administrator rights
- LDAP Server Basedn
- LDAP Server Domain name
- Add SafeSquid server DNS entry in your Active Directory Server Link
- Make sure that your AD Domain must be resolvable from all clients and SafeSquid Server. Link
Integration of Microsoft Active Directory
Integration of Active Directory include the following types of Authentication.
Simple authentication is a type of interactive authentication to the user. If you configure simple authentication the user will be prompted for credentials for every new session opened.
Read more about Simple Authentication
SSO authentication is a type of non-interactive authentication to the user. In SSO authentication once the user logged into his system then that credentials will be used for all sessions opened by that user.
Read more about SSO Authentication
Integration of OpenLDAP
Integrate your OpenLDAP server
Read more about OpenLDAP Integration